Waukesha County began to see an increase in reported cases of pertussis in October 2011. Pertussis cases reached outbreak level and the outbreak continued through 2012. In 2011, there were 111 cases of pertussis, most of them in the last quarter of the year. In 2012, there were 477 cases of Pertussis. In a non-outbreak year, Waukesha County sees an average of 27 cases of pertussis. Since the beginning of 2013 the number of reports are declining, but remain a concern. There
were 80 cases of Pertussis in 2013.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revised
its guidance for the use of prophylactic antibiotics following contact with
someone with pertussis. Broad-scale use
of preventative antibiotics is no longer recommended. Antibiotics to prevent pertussis are now
recommended only for household contacts, individuals at highest risk of
developing severe pertussis, and individuals who have close contact with
persons at highest risk of developing severe pertussis.
A substantial change involves contacts to pertussis in the
school setting. Prophylactic antibiotics
are no longer recommended for close contacts of a pertussis case in a school
setting unless the close contact is at high risk of severe pertussis or has
contact with someone at high risk of severe pertussis. All other close contacts should be checked
for symptoms and referred for testing and treatment if symptoms develop.
The revised guidance has been adapted by the Wisconsin
Division of Public Health and Waukesha County Public Health Division.
here for the Summary of Updated Pertussis Post-Exposure Prophylaxis Guidelines
The control of pertussis requires the combined efforts of school personnel, parents, health care providers and the local public health agency. The Waukesha County Public Health Division provides guidance and resources for school personnel regarding the management of pertussis in the school setting.
Click here for Pertussis Follow-up in the 2013-2014 School Year
Click here for a Fact Sheet on Pertussis
Click here for template notification letter for possible exposure to pertussis
REMEMBER THE “A-B-V’s” OF PERTUSSIS
Antibiotics are available to prevent and treat pertussis
Babies are at high risk of serious illness if they catch pertussis
Vaccination is the best protection against pertussis